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英语学习资料:新概念英语一册自学笔记Lesson129-130

2015-07-23 11:50

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作者:


  1.Where do you think you are?你认为你现在是在哪儿?

  do you think 是用在特殊疑问句中的插入语,用来征询见解或表达看法。因为句中插入语已经是疑问式,主谓倒装了,所以you are的位置不能再对调了。插入语一般是对句子加一些附加的解释,在句子中作独立成分。常用来作插入语的结构有I hope, I think, I'm afraid, you know等。插入语可以位于句尾或句中,有时也可出现在疑问句中。

  2.must have been doing sth.,一定/准是在做某事。

  这种结构用来表示对过去正进行的事情的推测。下文中的can't have been是 can't have been driving的省略式,在意思上与must have been driving正相反。

  3.That's why I didn't see the sign.所以我才没看见那牌子。

  why I didn't see the sign作is的表语从句,以why引导的从句用来解释事情的原因。

  4.…you'd better take my advice!……你最好还是听从我的劝告吧!

  take one's advice是“听从劝告”的意思。

  新概念英语第一册129-130课语法知识点 Grammar in use

  表示猜测和推断的情态助动词must和can't(2)

  must与can't不仅能表达对现在和将来的猜测和推断,而且能表达对过去的猜测和推断——这时可用 must have been表示肯定的推断,用can't have been(而不是mustn't have been)来表示否定的推断,如后面跟进行时则表示对过去正在进行的动作的猜测。请看例句:

  You must have been driving at seventy miles an hour.

  你当时肯定正以每小时70英里的速度行驶。

  I didn't see it. I must have been dreaming.

  我没看见。我当时一定是在胡思乱想吧。

  She can't have been 29.She must have been 36.

  她那时肯定不会是29岁,她一定36岁了。

  He can't have been reading. He must have been sleeping.

  他那时肯定不是在看书,他准是在睡觉。

  新概念英语第一册129-130课重点单词详解 Word study

  1.charge v.

  (1)罚款;使承受经济负担:

  He was charged by the policeman for speeding.

  他因开车超速而被警察罚款。

  (2)要(价);收(费):

  The hotel charged them £ 900 for one night.

  饭店向他们索要900英镑作为住一晚的费用。

  (3)指控;指责:

  They charged him with murder.

  他们指控他犯了谋杀罪。

  2.dream v.

  (1)做梦;梦见:

  He dreamt about his grandmother last night.

  他昨天夜里梦见他的祖母了。

  Do you often dream at night?

  你晚上经常做梦吗?

  (2)梦想;幻想:

  She dreamed that one day she would be as free as a bird

  她幻想着有一天自己能像鸟儿那般自由。

  I once dreamed of becoming a famous doctor.

  我曾一度梦想着成为一位著名的医生。

  (3)出神;心不在焉;空想:

  Don't dream away your life!

  不要在想入非非中虚度你的人生。

  Sorry, I didn't see the sign. I must have been dream ing.

  对不起,我没看见那牌子。我一定是思想开小差了。

  3.wave v.

  (1)招手;挥手示意:

  He waved us quiet.

  他挥手要我们别出声。

  She waved me goodbye.

  她向我挥手告别。

  (2)起伏;飘动:

  The flag is waving in the wind.

  旗帜正在风中飘扬。

  She was attracted by the waving sea.

  她被那汹涌起伏的大海吸引。

  新概念英语第一册130课课后练习答案 Key to written exercises

  A

  1 He didn't come to work yesterday. He must have been ill.

  2 He didn't come to the office this morning. He had to stay at home.

  3 I don't think she was Austrian. She must have been German.

  4 I lost my pen so I had to buy a new one.

  5 He forgot his case so he had to return home.

  6 She didn't hear the phone. She must have been sleeping.

  B

  1 I don't think they were. They can't have been Canadian.

  They must have been Australian.

  2 I don't think she was. She can't have been Finnish.

  She must have been Russian.

  3 I don't think they were. They can't have been Japanese.

  They must have been Chinese.

  4 I don't think they were. They can't have been butchers.

  They must have been bakers.

  5 I don't think she was. She can't have been a dentist.

  She must have been a doctor.

  6 I don't think he was. He can't have been a sales rep.

  He must have been the boss.

  7 I don't think she was. She can't have been seventeen.

  She must have been twenty-one.

  8 I don't think they were. They can't have been five.

  They must have been seven.

  9 I don't think he was. He can't have been seventy-six.

  He must have been over eighty.

  10 I don't think she was. She can't have been fifty-five.

  She must have been under fifty.

  11 I don't think it was. It can't have been the 17th yesterday.

  It must have been the 16th yesterday.

  12 I don't think it was. It can't have been Tuesday yesterday.

  It must have been Wednesday yesterday.

  13 I don't think it was. It can't have been the 19th yesterday.

  It must have been the 20th yesterday.

  14 I don't think it was. It can't have been cheap.

  It must have been expensive.

  15 I don't think it was. It can't have been easy.

  It must have been difficult.

  16 I don't think she was. She can't have been old.

  She must have been young.

  17 I don't think he was. He can't have been ill.

  He must have been tired.

  18 I don't think they were. They can't have been listening to the radio.

  They must have been watching television.

  19 I don't think she was. She can't have been retiring.

  She must have been looking for a new job.

  20 I don't think they were. They can't have been sitting.

  They must have been standing.


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