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英语学习资料:新概念英语一册自学笔记Lesson71-72

2015-07-20 14:28

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  Further notes on the text

  1.What's Ron Marston like, Pauline? 波琳,朗·马斯顿是怎样一个人?

  What is sb. like? 这一句式可用来询问某人的外貌或品行。就本课的具体情况而言,波琳的回答更多地是指马斯顿的品行如何。

  2.He telephoned me four times yesterday…他昨天给我打了4次电话……

  four times, 4次。 time在英语中作不可数名词时表示“时间”;作可数名词时表示“次数”。请注意英语中次数的表示法:

  once 1次

  twice 两次

  three times 3次

  3次或3次以上通常都用基数词+ times表示:

  five times 5次

  thirty times 30次

  3.the day before yesterday,前天。

  4.answer the telephone,接电话。

  口语中也常用 answer the phone。类似的短语如:

  answer the door/doorbell应声开门

  answer a letter回信

  5.She can't speak to you now! 她现在不能同你讲话!

  speak to sb. 意为“与某人说话”。例如打电话时可以说:

  May I speak to Pauline, please? 请让波琳接电话好吗?

  I' d like to speak to Pauline, please. 我想请波琳听电话。

  6.This is Pauline's mother.我是波琳的母亲。

  This is…是英美人打电话时表示“我是……”的句式,而不说

  I'm…。相关的电话用语如:

  This is Mary speaking. 我是玛丽。

  This is Edward calling from London. 我是爱德华,现正在伦敦给你打电话。

  语法 Grammar in use

  一般过去时(2)(请参见 Lessons 67~68语法部分。)

  be动词以外的动词在一般过去时中一般有两种形式。规则动词一般是在动词后面加-ed,如 answered;以-e结尾的规则动词加-d,如 telephoned, arrived。另一部分动词的过去式拼写不规则,因此称为不规则动词,如:say----said, do----did。

  用一般过去时的句子中常常有表示过去某一时刻的时间状语,如本课中的 yesterday(昨天),the day before yesterday(前天),yesterday morning(昨天上午),yesterday afternoon(昨天下午),yesterday evening(昨天晚上),last night(昨夜)。

  词汇学习 Word study

  answer

  (1)v. 对……作出反应;响应:

  Who answered the telephone? 谁接的电话?

  Mary took a few minutes to answer the door. 玛丽拖了几分钟时间才去开门。

  (2)v. 回答;答复:

  I don't think you've answered my question. 我认为你没有回答我的问题。

  I wrote him several letters but couldn't get an answer. 我给他写了好几封信,可都没有回音。

  (3)n. 答案;解决办法:

  Do you know the answer to Question 10? 你知道第10题的答案吗?

  This is one of the possible answers to today's environmental problems. 这是有可能解决当今环境问题的办法之一。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 72

  A

  1 It is raining now. It rained yesterday.

  2 It is snowing now. It snowed yesterday.

  3 He is boiling some eggs. He boiled some yesterday.

  4 We are enjoying our lunch. We enjoyed it yesterday, too.

  B

  1 What did they do yesterday?

  They cleaned their shoes yesterday.

  2 What did he do last night?

  He opened the box last night.

  3 What did they do this morning?

  They sharpened their pencils this morning.

  4 What did she do this evening?

  She turned on the television this evening.

  5 What did she do last night?

  She listened to the radio last night.

  6 What did she do yesterday morning?

  She boiled an egg yesterday morning.

  7 What did they do yesterday afternoon?

  They played a game yesterday afternoon.

  8 What did he do in the morning the day before yesterday?

  He stayed in bed in the morning the day before yesterday.

  9 What did she do yesterday evening?

  She telephoned her husband yesterday evening.

  10 What did she do the night before last?

  She called the doctor the night before last.

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