新东方网>英语>新概念>新概念第二册>正文

英语学习资料:新概念英语二册自学笔记精讲80

2015-07-15 14:26

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1. which was built in Hyde Park…

  这是一个非限定性关系从句,修饰逗号前的 the Crystal Palace。

  这个从句如果去掉并不影响主句的意思。

  2.It was one of the biggest buildings of all time…它是有史以来最高大的建筑物之一……

  of all time表示"有史以来"、"空前的",常与形容词的最高级连用,表示范围:

  He is one of the greatest men of all time. 他是有史以来最伟大的人物之一。

  one of+最高级+复数名词结构的语气比直接用形容词最高级+名词结构要缓和些,不那么绝对。试比较:

  3.There was also a great deal of machinery on display. 参展的还有很多机器。

  (1)machinery为"机器"、"机械装置"的总称,是集合名词,要与单数动词搭配。某个具体的机器可用 machine或者 a piece of machinery来表示:

  This is a wonderful piece of machinery/a wonderful machine. 这是一台奇妙的机器。

  There is a lot of new machinery/There are many new machines in our factory. 我们厂里有许多新机器。

  (2)on display与下面一句话中的 on show同义,都表示"陈列着"、"展示着",在句子中可以作状语、定语或表语等:

  At the Great Exhibition, a great many goods were on display/show. 世界博览会上展出了大量的商品。(表语)

  This is the best dress on display/show. 这是展出的最好的衣服。(定语)

  Shall we put all these flowers on display/show? 我们要把所有这些花都陈列出来吗?(宾语补足语)

  4. There were six million visitors in all…参观的人数总共是 600 万……

  in all为固定短语,其含义之一为"总共"、"合计":

  I paid him £ 200 in all. 我一共付给他200英镑。

  At the wedding there were over 100 people in all. 参加婚礼的共有一百多人。

  5. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world…它 一直是世界上最著名的建筑物之一……

  remain在这里作系动词,表示"保持不变"、"仍然"(后面可跟形容词、名词、动名词等):

  Why did you remain silent/quiet at the dinner party? 你在宴会上为何一言不发?

  They all remained standing while the manager talked. 经理讲话时他们一直站着。

  新概念英语第二册第81课重点词汇学习 Word study

  1.profit

  (1)n.利润,赢利;得益:

  Stores haven't made as much profit as usual this year. 今年商店的赢利不如往常多。(不可数名词)

  The profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges. 博览会的赢利用来建造博物馆和高等学校。(可数名词)

  (2)vi.获益,得益;获利:

  I have profited much from your advice/this book/living abroad. 你的建议/这本书/生活在国外使我获益匪浅。

  2.与on有关的介词短语

  在课文评注3中我们学习了on display/show。on还可以与其他一些名词组成介词短语,常见的有:

  (1)on business,因公(与 for pleasure相对):

  Last month he went to New York on business and had little time to visit friends. 他上月因公事去纽约,几乎没有时间拜访朋友。

  (2)on foot,步行(与by bus, by car, by air等相对):

  I usually go to work by car, but this morning I went on foot. 我通常开车去上班,但今天上午我是步行去的。

  (3)on duty,值班,值班的:

  It was Sunday and there was only one doctor on duty. 那天是星期天,只有一位医生在值班。

  (4)on the whole,总的看来,总的来说,大体上:

  On the whole, he is a hard-working student. 总的来说,他是个用功的学生。

  (5)on fire,起火,着火:

  Soon the whole building was on fire. 整个大楼很快便都着火了。

  (6)on purpose,故意地,有意地,特意地(与by chance相对):

  They have come here on purpose to see you. 他们特意来看望你。

  She broke the vase on purpose. 她故意把花瓶打碎。

  (7)on the average,平均,通常:

  On the average, he works more than ten hours a day. 他平均每天要工作十多个小时。

  (8)on any account,无论如何,不管怎么说(通常用于否定句):

  Do not interrupt him on any account. 你一定不要打断他(的话)。

  (9)on second thought(s),经重新考虑后(thought用单数或复数均可):

  I intended to go to the party, but on second thought(s), I decided to stay at home. 我原打算去参加聚会,但经过重新考虑,决定呆在家里。

  新概念英语第二册第81课课后练习答案 Key to written exercises

  1.关键句型练习答案

  A the most extraordinary building of the nineteenth century (1.1); one of the biggest buildings of all time (11.4-5), The most wonderful piece of machinery on show (11.8-9); travelling was not as easy as it is today (1.9); one of the most famous buildings in the world (1.13)

  2.难点练习答案

  1 on duty 2 on second thoughts 3 on purpose

  4 on foot 5 on the whole 6 on any account

  7 On the average

  3.多项选择题答案

  1c 2b 3d 4a 5d 6c

  7a 8d 9c 10c 11d 12b

  更多精彩内容 >> 新东方网英语频道 

  全国新东方英语课程搜索


(责任编辑:何莹莹)



官方微信:新东方英语 (微信号:xdfyyw

听说读写译学习方法、英美剧最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

猜你喜欢

  • 听力
  • 口语
  • 阅读
  • 娱乐
  • 词汇
  • 写作

            新东方英语辅导专区

            班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

            焦点推荐

            版权及免责声明

            凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

            本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

            如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

            热搜关键词