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英语学习资料:新概念英语二册自学笔记精讲75

2015-07-10 15:15

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1. flew off course,飞离航线。

  off表示"偏离",为介词:

  Our office is off the main street.我们的办公室不靠大街。

  During the storm, the ship went off course.在暴风雨中,船驶离了航线。

  2. her two baby daughters, 她的两个女婴。

  baby在这里是形容词,指"幼小的"。

  3. Snow Iay thick on the ground.地上积着厚厚的雪。

  lie表示"处于某种状态"时,后面常跟形容词或分词:

  When I saw her yesterday, she lay ill in bed.昨天我见到她时,她正卧病在床。

  The old man lies ill and neglected in bed.老人卧病在床,无人照管。

  4.The woman kept as near as she could to the children…这位妇女尽可能地靠近孩子……

  keep在这里表示"保持(某种状态)"。 as…as one can/could和 as…as possible同义,都表示"尽可能……":

  He got through as much food as he could and set out.他吃了尽可能多的食物,然后出发了。

  Tell Jim to come to my office as soon as he can.让吉姆尽快到我的办公室来。

  5. She stamped out the letters'SoS' in the snow.她在雪地上踩出了"SOS"这3个字母。

  out在这里为副词,表示"出现"、"显露"等:

  The writer has brought out another book.这位作家又出版了一本书。

  He wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden.他开列一张长长的单子,上面列了所有禁吃的食物。

  6. It was not long before a helicopter arrived on the scene to rescue the survivors of the plane crash. 不久,一架直升飞机飞抵飞机失事现场,来搭救这几个幸存者。

  (1)to引导的不定式为目的状语。

  (2)It was not long before…为固定句型,表示"不久就……"(也可以用 It will not be long before…表示将来可能发生的事),

  其含义与before long(不久)相近,只是before在课文这个句型中是连词,而在before long中为介词:

  It was not long before they learnt the news.他们不久就知道了这消息。

  It will not be long before he gets over his illness.他大概不久就会痊愈。

  新概念英语第二册第75课重点词汇学习 Word study

  1.可以表示"变成"的一些动词

  grow, turn, go, get, come, fall等动词均有"变成"的意思,但它们在用法上有时有差别。

  (1)grow表示"(逐渐)变得",比get要正式些:

  He has grown fat.他长胖了。

  He has grown to like studying mathematics.他渐渐喜欢学数学了。

  It was growing hot.天渐渐热了起来。

  (2)turn表示"把(状态、性质)改变(成)……"或"使变颜色"等:

  Leaves will turn yellow in autumn.秋天时树叶将会变黄。

  Jasper hopes the stone Medusa will turn cars and their owners to stone.贾斯珀希望这个石头的蛇发女怪美杜莎会把汽车和汽车主人们都变成石头。

  A colony of be had turned the engine into a hive一群蜜蜂把发动机变成了蜂房。

  (3)go表示"变成(某种状态)",通常表示不好的变化:

  Big Ben has rarely gone wrong."大本"钟很少出差错。

  Some foods go bad easily. 有些食品容易变质。

  (4)get在口语中使用较多,表示"成为(某种状态)":

  Things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. 近来情况变得如此糟糕,以致他决定节食。

  It's getting warmer and warmer. 天气越来越暖和了。

  (5)come可以表示"变成"、"成为"、"达到"等,与true连用时表示"实现":

  Her dream to swim across the channel has come true. 她横渡海峡的梦想实现了。

  (6)fall也可以表示"变成……的状态":

  You fell asleep while I was talking to you. 我和你说话时,你就睡着了。

  He fell ill last week, so he didn't come to your wedding. 上星期他病了,所以没来参加你们的婚礼。

  2.scene n.

  (1)(事件发生的)地点,现场:

  A helicopter soon arrived on the scene to rescue the survivors. 一架直升飞机很快飞抵出事现场,搭救幸存者。

  These things were found at the scene of the murder. 这些是在谋杀现场找到的物品。

  (2)风景,景色;景象:

  A beautiful scene always makes me delighted. 美丽的景色总使我高兴。

  I have just seen a sad scene. 我刚见到一个悲惨的景象。

  新概念英语第二册第75课课后练习答案 Key to written exercises

  1.关键句型练习答案

  A flew (1.1); crashed (1.2); was killed (1.2); grew dark (1.5); turned (1.6); put(1.6); could find (1.7); got (1.8); kept(1.8); could(1.8); tried to get(1.9); heard (1.9); wondered (1.10); could send (1.10); had(1.10); stamped out(1.11); saw(1.11); sent(1.11); arrived (1.12)

  (Note: Other past tenses are descriptive, i.e. they do not indicate something that happened.)

  2.难点练习答案

  1 grew/got/turned 2 fell 3 grew 4 turn/go 5come/become

  6 grew 7 growing/getting…growing/get ting 8 got/grown

  9 fell 10 come

  3.多项选择题答案

  1c 2a 3b 4d 5b 6a

  7b 8b 9d 10d 11c 12c

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