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英语学习资料:新概念英语二册自学笔记精讲70

2015-07-10 15:08

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  课文重难点 Further notes on the text

  1.…the drunk was unaware of the danger.……醉汉没有意识到危险。

  While she read the book, she was unaware of the noise around her.她看那本书时没有觉察到周围的噪音。

  I was unaware that you were coming.我不知道你要来。

  2.it suddenly caught sight of the drunk,突然它看见了醉汉。

  catch sight of是个固定短语,意为"看见"、"发现":

  As I came out of the shop, I caught sight of Dan in the crowd.当我从商店里出来时,我在人群中看到了丹。

  3.sensitive to criticism,对挑衅/批评敏感。

  sensitive表示"敏感的"、"神经过敏的"、"易生气的"或"介意的"等,通常与to+名词连用,也可作定语:

  Mary is sensitive to smells.玛丽对气味很敏感。

  Mary has a sensitive ear.玛丽的耳朵很灵敏。

  You're too sensitive.你太敏感了(太容易生气了)。

  4.The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself.可这醉汉像是很有把握似的。

  be/ feel sure of oneself 表示"有自信心":

  She's always so sure of herself.她总是这么自信。

  5.The crowd broke into cheers…观众欢呼起来……

  break into 的含义之一是"突然发出/做出"、"突然……起来",有控制不住的含义:

  On hearing the news, she broke into tears.听到消息后,她大哭起来。

  When Sally saw the woman wearing a hat that looked like a lighthouse, she broke into laughter.当萨莉看到那妇女戴着一顶像灯塔一样的帽子时,她大笑起来。

  6.Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador. 好像连牛也在为他感到遗憾,因为它一直同情地看着醉汉,直到他的背影消逝,才重新将注意力转向斗牛士。

  这个句子很长。for引导的句子与它前面的分句为并列句。for引导的分句中有两个时间状语,一是until引导的从句,二是before引导的动名词短语,其作用也相当于一个从句,由于主语也是it,用动名词形式更简洁些。

  (1)look on可以表示"观看"、"旁观":

  Mary people just looked on while the two men robbed a woman.当那两个人抢劫一位妇女时,许多人只是旁观。

  (2)out of the way为固定短语,可以表示"不挡道"、"不碍事":

  While making meat pies, I always order the children to keep out of the way.我做肉馅饼时,总是命令孩子们不要碍事。

  新概念英语第二册第70课语法知识点 Grammar in use

  与 for, with, of, to, at, from, in, on和 about连用的形容词

  在第22课与第46课的语法中,我们学习了与of, from, in, on, to, at, for和with连用的动词,知道许多动词都有固定搭配的方式(如believe in, borrow from, occur to, account for 等)。另外,许多动词可以与不同的介词搭配(如 dream of/about, look at/for/after等)。与动词的情况相似,形容词大部分也有与自己固定搭配的介词,并且有些形容词也可以与不同的介词搭配。

  (1)与 for连用的形容词(包括eager, enough, ready, sorry, famous等):

  My aunt is famous for her beauty.我姑姑因貌美而驰名。

  Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him. 甚至连牛好像也在为他感到遗憾。

  I'm ready for the journey. 我已做好旅行的准备。 We have enough apples for the children.

  我们有足够给孩子们吃的苹果。 They were eager for the performance to begin.

  他们热切地等待演出开始。

  (2)与with连用的形容词(包括angry, busy, content, popular 等):

  The bull was busy with the matador at the time. 当时那公牛正忙于对付斗牛士。

  Why was Mary angry with you? 玛丽为何生你的气?

  She wasn't content with her life. 她对自己的生活不满。

  Uncle Sam is always popular with children. 萨姆叔叔总是很受孩子们的欢迎。

  (3)与of连用的形容词(包括afraid, aware, unaware, careful, certain, kind, north, south, east, west, short, shy, sure等):

  The drunk was unaware of the danger. 醉汉没有意识到危险。

  Wallis Island is a long way west of Samoa. 瓦立斯岛位于萨摩亚群岛以西很远的地方。

  I used to be afraid of ghosts. 我以前很怕鬼。

  The drunk seemed quite sure of himself. 醉汉像是很有把握似的。

  It's very kind of you to come to the wedding. 非常感谢您来参加婚礼。

  She is careful of her dress. 她注意衣着。

  Are you certain of his coming? 你确信他会来吗?

  I was short of money at that time. 那时我正缺钱。

  (4)与to连用的形容词(包括close, cruel, dear, new, obvious, polite, sensitive, rude, useful, similar等):

  Most people are sensitive to criticism. 大部分人对别人的批评很敏感。

  He was never rude to his parents. 他对父母总是以礼相待。

  I can't understand why he was so cruel to his brother/good to that dog/polite to you.

  我无法理解他为何对他兄弟如此残忍/对那条狗那么好/对你如此客气。

  Though the bicycle is old, it is very dear to me.虽然这辆自行车破旧,但我很珍视它。

  All these words are new to me.所有这些单词我都是第一次遇到。

  Our house is close to a river.我们家紧挨着一条河。

  It's obvious to everyone that he's lying.大家都清楚他在撒谎。

  These books are useful to/for foreign students.这些书对外国学生有用。

  My car is similar to yours.我的车与你的车相似。

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