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新概念第三册自学导读 Lessons1(1)

2014-07-21 17:43

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  新概念一直被视为英语学习的经典教材,为了让同学们能够更加全面完善的学习新概念英语第三册,新东方网英语频道将帮助同学们一起总结知识点,为同学们提供新概念英语第三册学习笔记。让我们认真学起来吧!

  New words and expressions 生词和短语

  puma(title)/'pju:m+/n. 美洲狮

  corner(1. 9)/'k&:n+/v. 使走投无路,使陷入困境

  spot(1. 2)/sp&t/v. 看出,发现

  trail(1. 11)/'treil/n. 一串,一系列

  evidence(1. 4)/'evid+ns/n.证据

  print(1. 12)/print/n. 印痕

  accumulate(1. 4)/e'kju:mjuleit/v. 积累,积聚

  cling(1. 12)/kliR/(clung/kl)R/, clung)v. 粘

  oblige(1. 5)/+'blaid{/v. 使……感到必须

  convince(1. 14)/k+n'vins/v. 使……信服

  hunt(1. 7)/h)nt/n. 追猎;寻找

  somehow(1. 16)/'s)mha(/adv. 不知怎么搞地,不

  blackberry(1. 8)/'bl$kb+ri/n. 黑莓 知什么原因

  human being(1. 9)/?hju:m+n-'bi:iR/人类

  disturb(1. 17)/di'st*:b/v. 令人不安

  Notes on the text

  课文注释

  1 at large是介词短语,此处表示“逍遥自在”、“行动自由”的意思。

  2 When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-fivemiles south of London, 当伦敦动物园接到报告说,在伦敦以南45英里的地方发现一头野生美洲狮时。这个从句中以that引导的从句是reports的同位语,用于进一步说明报告的内容。

  3 feel obliged to do sth. 是“感到不得不做某事”的意思。

  4 it left behind it a trail of, 它身后留下一串……。

  a trail of作left的宾语,behind it是状语,提到宾语之前是为了使句子结构更紧凑。

  5 puma fur was found clinging to bushes中,clinging是现在分词,此处作主语puma fur的主语补足语。下文中As no pumas had been reported missing…一句中,missing也是现在分词作主语补足语。

  6 in the possession of, 为……所有。

  Summary writing 摘要写作

  In not more than 80 words describe how experts came to the conclusion that the animal seenby many people really was a puma. Do not include anything that is not in the passage.

  Answer these questions in note form to get your points:

  1 What sort of reports were received by London Zoo?

  2 Were the reports similar in nature or not?

  3 Who saw it first?

  4 Did it stay in one place,or did it move from place to place?

  5 What did it leave behind it?

  6 Were paw prints and puma fur found as well or not?

  7 What was heard at night?

  8 Was the animal seen up a tree or not?

  9 Were experts now sure that the animal really was a puma or not?

  Vocabulary

  词汇

  Give another word or phrase to replace the following words as they are used in thepassage:spotted(1. 2);accumulate(1. 4); obliged to(1. 5); claimed(1. 6); extraordinarilysimilar(1. 6); immediately(1. 8); convinced(1. 15).

  Composition

  作文

  Describe the occasion when the woman picking blackberries saw the puma. Expand the followinginto a paragraph of about 150 words.

  Mrs. Stone had spent the whole morning…It was nearly lunch time, so she decided…She wasjust…when she heard a noise in…Then she saw an animal which…She knew it was not a catbecause… The animal suddenly…and she thought it was going to…She dropped her basketand…Hearing the sound, the animal…after which, Mrs. Stone…and they…(86 words)

  Letter writing

  书信写作

  On a full page, show the exact position of each of the following:

  The address and date;the beginning of the letter;the Introduction;the Purpose;theConclusion;the letter-ending;the signature;the postscript. Supply all necessary full stops andcommas.

  Key structures

  关键句型

  Simple, Compound and Complex Statements. 简单句、并列句和复合句(IKS 73)(参见第2册第73课关键句型)

  Exercise练习

  Underline all the joining words in the passage. Note carefully how simple statements have beenjoined to make compound or complex statements.

  Special difficulties

  难点

  过去曾有一种传统的规定,认为英文句子不允许以介词结尾。现在,这种所谓的禁忌早以破除。在现代英语中,除正体书面语体外,以介词结尾的句子很多,在口语中更为常见。

  Where had it come from? (1. 14)

  Instead of saying:

  It is better to say:

  About whom are you talking?

  Who(m)are you talking about?

  That is the film about which I told you.

  That is the film I told you about.

  (Compare ISD 28) (对比第2册第28课难点)

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